1. A psychotherapist who believes that deviant behavior can be traced either to genetic anomalies or to problems in the physical structure of the brain most likely subscribes to which of the following views of abnormality?
2. A person with obsessive-compulsive disorder is best described as an individual who experiences
(A) memory loss
(B) intense mood swings
(C) extreme fear of open spaces
(D) physical symptoms with no known cause
(E) persistent anxiety-provoking thoughts
3. A research design involves two randomly assigned groups of participants. One group receives a one-time treatment, and the other does not. Later, the two groups are compared to see whether the treatment had an effect. Psychologists call this kind of research
(A) a correlational study
(B) an experiment
(C) a case study
(D) a survey
(E) a cross-sequential study
4. The area of the brain stem that is important in controlling breathing is the
(A) suprachiasmatic nucleus
(C) limbic system
5. Egocentrism, animism, and artificialism are characteristic of which of Jean Piaget’s stages of cognitive development?
(D) Concrete operations
(E) Formal operations
6. Which of the following would an industrialorganizational psychologist be LEAST likely to study?
(A) Managerial skills
(B) Employee motivation
(C) Job satisfaction
(D) Corporate profitability
(E) Pay incentive programs
Question 1 is reprinted for your convenience.
1. Psychological research methodologies and statistics are characterized by strengths and weaknesses in investigating behavior. Each method or statistic is best suited for certain research questions. For each pair below, describe a condition under which one is more appropriate than the other.
• Mean, median
• Descriptive statistics, inferential statistics
• Longitudinal study, cross-sectional study
• Single-blind technique, double-blind technique
• Random assignment, random selection
• Survey, case study
• Correlational study, experiment
2. Lauren loves her parents very much but is so committed to playing the violin that she transferred from her original college to a music school against their wishes. Lauren practices and studies violin with a group of talented students. She aspires to a life as a concert musician.
A. Explain how the concept of approach-approach conflict may have contributed to Lauren’s decision to change schools.
B. Explain how self-actualization may contribute to Lauren’s desire to play the violin.
C. Using the following psychological terms, describe why Lauren plays the violin.
D. Explain how each of the following can affect Lauren as she plays the violin.