1. Which of the following methods best limits the influence of unknown variables in an experiment?
(A) Random assignment
(B) Correlational study
(D) Stratified sampling
(E) Subject matching
2. Marissa is a good tennis player whose performance seems to improve as the crowd watching her gets larger. The best explanation for this phenomenon is
(A) the bystander effect
(C) social facilitation
(D) a social schema
(E) the self-serving bias
3. Sheila has a favorite book that she enjoys so much she has read it several times. This book is now assigned in her literature class, and students receive gift certificates for each chapter they read. As the class progresses through the book, Sheila finds she enjoys it less. This illustrates
(B) anchoring and adjustment
(E) cognitive dissonance
4. A patient with symptoms of depression is working with a psychologist and reports that he has no meaningful relationships and no skills that allow him to make friends. The psychologist determines that the patient's beliefs and lack of interpersonal skills are the primary contributors to his depression. Which of the following treatments is the psychologist most likely to use?
(A) Cognitive-behavioral therapy
(B) Electroconvulsive therapy （ECT）
(D) Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation（RTMS）
(E) Antidepressant medications
5. Dr. Lee is interested in the effect of lighting on people’s ability to concentrate. Dr. Lee studies this by manipulating the amount of lighting while participants read and then measuring their scores on a reading comprehension test. Group 1 receives dim light, and group 2 receives bright light. Which of the following research methods is Dr. Lee using?
(A) A case study
(B) A survey
(C) A correlational study
(D) An experiment
(E) A simulation
6. Psychodynamic therapy has its roots in the theories of
(A) Sigmund Freud
(B) B. F. Skinner
(C) Abraham Maslow
(D) Carl Rogers
(E) John B. Watson
1. Max is making a holiday meal this year for his three sisters and himself because their parents will be out of town. He is trying to cook the special dishes his mother makes each year, but with his own unique style.
Explain how each of the following could help Max in making the meal.
Explain how each of the following could hinder Max in making the meal.
2. Mr. Smith is a new high school math teacher. Before the school year begins, he asks his colleagues to review a list of students in his class in an attempt to gather information about his incoming students. As he begins teaching, Mr. Smith struggles with managing student behavior in the classroom. In particular, he has difficulty helping his students focus on their assignments and cooperate during group work.
Explain how each of the following concepts might hinder Mr. Smith’s success in this scenario.
Explain how Mr. Smith might use each of the following to be more successful in managing his students’ behavior.