1. People who habitually wash their hands numerous times before going to bed most likely have
(A) a compulsion
(B) a phobia
(C) an affective disorder
(D) a conversion disorder
(E) a panic disorder
2. People who have difficulty remembering recently learned materials because of similar information learned earlier in life are demonstrating the phenomenon of
(A) cue-dependent forgetting
(D) retroactive interference
(E) proactive interference
3. Of the following, a behavioral psychologist is most likely to study the
(A) perceived locus of control of adults whoexperience panic attacks
(B) formation of emotional attachments to significant others
(C) defense mechanisms used by depressed adults and children in stressful situations
(D) genetic basis for schizophrenic disorders
(E) effects of token economies on establishing social skills among children with emotional disturbances
4. Receptors for olfaction are located
(A) on the basilar membrane of the cochlea
(B) in taste buds on the tongue
(C) in the nasal cavity
(D) in the esophagus
(E) in the dermis
5. A standardized test must have all of the following EXCEPT
(A) criteria for scoring
(C) uniform instructions
(E) multiple-choice questions
6. In right-handed individuals, which of the following abilities is predominantly a function of the right hemisphere of the brain?
(C) Spatial reasoning
(D) Reading comprehension
(E) Language comprehension
7. Which of the following terms is used to describe the process by which important group decisions may be distorted because different viewpoints are not encouraged?
(B) Just-world hypothesis
(D) Pluralistic ignorance
(E) Social loafing
1. Maria witnessed a large demonstration to increase awareness of global climate change. Protestors were distributing informational flyers about the dangers of global climate change and encouraging spectators to join the demonstration. After watching for a few minutes, Maria decided to participate in some of the activities.
A. Explain how each of the following concepts may have influenced Maria’s decision to participate in the protest.
B. Explain how each of the following concepts would help Maria to convince others to adopt her position.
2. Pat and Mike had lunch at a local café. Because Mike would pass the library on his way home, Pat asked Mike to drop a book off at the library for him. Although Mike had a very long list of errands to complete, he agreed to return the book. However, when Mike arrived home, he realized that he had not returned the book to the library.
A. Explain how each of the following could be involved in Mike’s failure to return the book.
B. Explain how the following psychological concepts could influence how Pat reacts to Mike’s failure to return the book.